Basic Environmental Mechanisms. Affecting Cultural Heritage. Understanding deteroration mechanism for conservation puroposes


For ethical reasons, the conservation of cultural heritage is a duty for all nations. Slowly, decision makers are beginning to understand that caring about cultural heritage and especially about museums, library and archival collections si a valuable long-term investment for their economy and in the interest of their citizens. The accessibility of movable heritage depends not only on its direct conservation but also on preventive conservation because the quality of the indoor environment is crucial for the preservation of a collection. Sensitive materials, displayed in an aggressive environment may suffer from chemical attack of pollutants, leading to irreversible damage after only a few weeks of inappropriate exposure.